DEAN ACHESON CHAIR
Established in 1972 by Alice Acheson, W. John Kenney, Paul H. Nitze, and Patricia Acheson in honor of Dean Acheson

DEAN ACHESON, U.S. Secretary of State from 1949 to 1953 and an advisor to four presidents, was the principal creator of United States foreign policy in the Cold War period following World War II. Earlier, as under secretary, he helped shape the Truman Doctrine and outlined the Marshall Plan. He received a Pulitzer Prize in 1970 for his memoir, Present at the Creation. Mr. Acheson, who died in 1971, was an active member of the SAIS Advisory Council and was awarded an honorary Hopkins doctorate in 1963.

 

His widow, ALICE ACHESON, who died in 1996, was an honorary member of the SAIS Advisory Council for nearly a decade. PATRICIA ACHESON is his daughter-in-law.

 

In his more than 50 years of public service, PAUL H. NITZE advised U.S. presidents from Roosevelt to Reagan and was a primary shaper of U.S. Cold War policy, the Marshall Plan, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. He considered the co-founding of SAIS his greatest accomplishment. Ambassador Nitze authored numerous books and articles on international affairs and arms control and served in several high-ranking government posts, including as assistant secretary of defense for international security affairs, secretary of the Navy under President John F. Kennedy, deputy secretary of defense, and U.S. delegate to the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks with the Soviet Union. President Ronald Reagan appointed him ambassador-at-large, a position he held until his retirement from the State Department in 1989. The SAIS building on Massachusetts Avenue was named in honor of Ambassador and Mrs. Nitze and, in 1989, the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies was named in his honor. At SAIS's 60th anniversary in October 2004, just before Ambassador Nitze's death at age 97, Secretary of State Colin Powell paid tribute to his friend, saying "meeting with Paul was like having Moses at the table."

 

Serving under presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman, W. JOHN KENNEY rose to the post of under secretary of the Navy. President Truman then named him director of the Economic Cooperation Mission to Britain, and from 1950 to 1952 he was the operating chief of the entire Marshall Plan, under its director, W. Averell Harriman. Mr. Kenney, who gave generous support to SAIS, served for many years on the SAIS Advisory Council. He died in 1992.

 

DAVID P. CALLEO, the Dean Acheson Professor and director of European Studies at SAIS, is the author of more than six books, including The Bankrupting of America, The German Problem Reconsidered, and America and the World Political Economy. A former consultant to the United States under secretary of state for political affairs, he joined the faculty in 1968. In 2001 he was named a University Professor.